Culture Shock: What is it?





Culture shock is the disorientation that one feels when living in a foreign culture for a prolonged period of time.


WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?

  • Headaches

  • Lossofsenseofhumoro Insomnia

  • Eating/drinking disorderso Boredom

  • Lackofenergy

  • Irritability

  • Hostility towards locals

  • Marital problems

  • Withdrawal

Each person has different symptoms of culture shock and most people will not have all of these symptoms. Culture shock is not fatal!


WHERE DOES CULTURE SHOCK COME FROM?

  • Mental Stress – language issues, learning new procedures, watching your step. Examples include: speaking a foreign language, hearing others speak in a foreign language/accent, having to repeat everything and feeling foolish. Everything is different including the “simple things” like handling appliances, using the telephone and grocery shopping

  • PhysicalStress–newclimate,newfood,pollution/airqualitylevels Examples include: different weather conditions, lack of favorite foods and living in a different time zone

  • PsychologicalStress–loss of family, loss of friends, loss of professional identity, loss of way-of-life, loss of self-esteem Examples include: the accompanying spouse/partner may be left to handle the entire move-in to the new location and deal with acclimating the entire family without a familiar support system





WHAT CULTURE SHOCK IS NOT?

  • It is NOT being homesick

  • It is NOT the surprise feeling you feel the first time you see someone eating, wearing or doing something you consider different or bizarre

STAGES OF CULTURE SHOCK: THE “ROLLER COASTER” OF EMOTIONS

  • Pre-Departure Hectic,verystressfulandusuallychaotictimeforthefamily.Emotionsarebothpositiveandnegative. There is the thrill of the adventure and the fear of the unknown at the same time.

  • Honeymoon Period Very positive once you’ve arrived. Everything is new and exciting. It is a time to meet new people and go to new places. Expats tend to dwell on what is similar to “back home."

  • CultureShock Realitysetsin!Peoplebegintoseethatthedifferencesarerealandtheyarenotalwayseasytoadjustto. Expats tend to miss seeing people and places back home. This is when specific symptoms may show up.

  • Recovery and Adjustment Theexpatbeginstoaccepthis/herhostcommunity/culture.Thiscanbeaperiodofgreat learning and when it is a good time to strategize towards a meaningful pursuit.

  • Repatriation After living abroad for some time, some people are reluctant to go home. Home is expected to be the same and it isn’t! Repats are often disappointed with their friends and family upon re-integrating. They no longer feel “at home.” This is “reverse culture shock” and it can be as stressful, if not more stressful than culture shock.

STRATEGIES FOR COPING WITH CULTURE SHOCK OR REVERSE CULTURE SHOCK



  • Take care of yourself: get plenty of rest, eat healthy!

  • Use stress reduction techniques

  • Get lots of exercise

  • Get involved; join community groups or associations! Learn the local language

  • Get to know your new neighborhood

  • Enroll in a course

  • Learn or pursue a hobby

  • Plan family outings

  • Get out of the house

  • Keep your sense of humor

  • Be adventurous!

  • Ask for help when you need it!

Recommended Resources:


A Broad Abroad-The Expat Wife's Guide to Successful Living Abroad by Robin Pascoe

www.expatexpert.comA Moveable Marriage by Robin Pascoe, www.expatexpert.com

Third Culture Kids by David C. Pollock and Ruth E. Van Redken, www.amazon.com

Meet Local Expats: https://www.internations.org


Your REA Coach can help you manage the new culture and thrive. Click HERE to learn more. Moving within the US? Click HERE.


#cultureshock #reversecultureshock #anxiety #depression #exercise #rest #honeymoonperiod #expats #overseasassignments